INDONESIA

Wamena Biology Garden

The island of Papua which consists of the provinces of Papua and West Papua are two provinces that have been and are actively building, especially the construction of land infrastructure which is a development priority in order to alleviate alienation. The pace of this development has unfortunately not been matched by real conservation efforts which are feared to pose a threat of damage and even the extinction of species of biota before the potential utilization is known. After eighteen years of development, the Wamena Biology Garden managed by the Biology Research Center continues to experience setbacks in terms of physical infrastructure and management of collections as botanical gardens. Since UPT-TTG LIPI completed its tenure and completely abandoned Wamena in 2000, the sustainability of the Wamena Biology Garden as an ex-situ conservation site became neglected as indicated by the large number of dead collections and data collection of damaged and lost collections. Although garden maintenance has generally been carried out in general and there is support from the local government, but the extensive condition of the garden and the limitation of experts make the condition of the garden like abandoned and many infrastructure damaged by age and low garden security. At the end of 2012, the transfer of the Wamena Biology Garden management from the Biology Research Center to the Bogor Botanical Gardens Plant Conservation Center was initiated to reuse the plantation site to align with the original goals of its establishment. With the new name Wamena Botanical Garden, which is directly coordinated by the PKT Bogor Botanical Gardens, it is expected to be able to rise again and become one of the regional botanical gardens that can carry out its functions in accordance with the concept of botanical gardens, namely conservation centers, research, education, tourism and services environment. With the support of the President of the Republic of Indonesia through Presidential Regulation No. 93 of 2011 concerning the Development of the Indonesian Botanical Gardens, and in the 2010-2014 RPJMN through the 9th National Priority Program (PN9).
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