Indonesian National Museum of Natural History

Towards the end of the 18th century, in Europe there was an intellectual revolution (the age of enlightenment) where scientific and scientific ideas began to develop. In 1752 in Harlem, the Dutch scientific association named De Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen stood. This prompted the Dutch government in Batavia to establish a similar organization called Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen (BG) on April 24, 1778. This institution was independent with the aim of advancing research in the fields of art and science especially biology, physics, archeology, literature, ethnology and history. In addition, BG also published research results. The motto is “Ten Nutte van het Algemeen” which means for the benefit of the general public. One of the founders of this institution, JCM Radermacher, donated a house owned by him on the Kalibesar road, which at that time was an important trading area in Batavia. He also contributed his collection in the form of cultural objects and books. Radermacher’s contribution was the forerunner to the establishment of a museum and library. During the period of British rule in Java (1811-1816), Lieutenant Governor Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles ordered the construction of a new building to be used as a museum and meeting room for the Literary Society (formerly called the building “Societeit de Harmonie”). The reason for the construction of this new building is because the house on the Kalibesar street is full of collections. This building is located on Jalan Majapahit number 3. Now in this place stands the State Secretariat building complex, near the Presidential Palace.
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