Radya Pustaka Museum is a museum in Surakarta, Indonesia. Established in 1890, it is the second oldest museum in Indonesia (the oldest being the National Museum of Indonesia in Jakarta). The museum kept various literature in Old Javanese and Dutch languages. The museum is located within the park complex of Taman Sriwedari.
The museum was established by Kanjeng Adipati Sosriningrat IV during the governorship of Pakubuwono IX on October 28, 1890. On January 1, 1913, the museum was moved to its present location, the residence of a Dutchman Johannes Busselaar.