Since 1991, Borobudur has been listed as one of the World Cultural Heritage Number 592 by UNESCO. This recognition is the highest international recognition of a world heritage site. Of the 10 criteria for World Cultural Heritage, Borobudur meets 3 criteria, namely:
- Represents a masterpiece of human creative genius.
- Shows the importance of exchanging human values in a time span or in a cultural area of the world towards the development of architecture or technology, monumental work, urban planning, or landscape design.
- Directly or manifestly related to events or traditions that are still alive, with ideas, or beliefs, with works of art and literature that have significant universal values.
Along with this recognition, there are several obligations for governments and institutions to take policy steps in preservation, protection, utilization, management and development; both physically and non-physically. Likewise with the Indonesian people who are supposed to participate in maintaining Borobudur sustainability both physically and non-physically.