Most of the works in this museum are focused on Balinese art, culture and history. The museum also exhibits the work of European expatriates, including Walter Spies from Germany and Rudolf Bonnet from the Netherlands.
In 1936, Bonnet founded Pita Maha, a cooperative to support the development of Balinese artists. With the help of Ubud prince Tjokorda Gde Agung Sukawati, Bonnet formed the Puri Lukisan Museum in 1954. Bonnet became the museum’s first curator. Both died in 1978, but the legacy is eternal.