INDONESIA

Majegau

Majegau (Dysoxylum densiflorum) is the flora (plant) of Bali province identity accompanying the bali starling as fauna identity. Majegau tree is often referred to as cempaga is a member of the family Maleaceae (mahogany-mahonian tribe). This plant has a good quality of wood so that in Bali is widely used as building materials (especially sacred buildings) and as a craft carving materials. Majegau is known by several different names in several regions in Indonesia such as kapinango, maranginan, pingku (Sunda), cempaga, cepaga, kraminan (jawa), majegau (Bali), ampeuluh, kheuruh (Madura), Tumbawa rendai, tumbawa rintek ). In scientific language (latin) this plant is referred to as Dysoxylum densiflorum which is synonymous with Dysoxylum elmeri and Dysoxylum trichostylum. Characteristics and Distribution. Majegau or cempaga is a woody tree with a height of 40 meters and with a diameter of up to 1.2 meters. The wood is heavy, hard but fibrous with light brown to pink or brown-pink, shiny. The majegau leaves are oval shaped lancet. The fruit is ovoid with a length of between 3-6 cm. Majegau trees are defined as the floral identity of Bali province spread from Laos, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Java, Bali, Sulawesi, and Nusa Tenggara. The tree called Latin Dysoxylum densiflorum can grow well in lowland areas up to 1,700 meters above sea level. Utilization. Majegau has a hard and durable stem. Because of that, in Bali, plant stems of this plant is often used as a material for the construction of temples, house poles and as a craft carving materials. The majegau stem is believed to be a symbol of Bhatara Sadasiwa, so it is often used in the ceremony of manusa yadnya, which is a sacred ceremony or sacrifice that aims to preserve life and cleanse the innate human life. Majegau wood is also often used as ceremonial wood because it has a fragrant odor. In addition, majegau also has potential as a drug, especially for treating diseases difficult to defecate, although for that still requires further research. Scientific Classification: Kingdom: Plantae (Plants); Subkingdom: Tracheobionta (Vascular Plant); Super Division: Spermatophyta (Produce seed); Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering Plants); Class: Magnoliopsida (double-dikotil); Sub Class: Rosidae; Order: Sapindales; Family: Meliaceae; Genus: Dysoxylum; Species: Dysoxylum densiflorum Miq. Binomial Name: Dysoxylum densiflorum. Indonesian name: Majegau, cempaga, kapinango. Close relatives: Kedoya (Dysoxylum gaudichaudianum), Pingku (Dysoxylum excelsum) Reference: http://www.plantamor.com; Http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl; Bpthbalinusra.net
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